One of the most powerful features of CoPrA is the ability to create customized DeviceLink profiles based on individually adapted test charts (EditTargets). This smart way to create DeviceLink profiles opens up a multitude of possibilities.
Use this tool for recurring retouching work on similar image data, convert RGB data to CMYK or Multicolor data in a controlled way, factor in required gradation changes automatically into your data – the possibilities are almost unlimited.
These profiles can be used to automate color processing with software such as ZePrA.
Each EditTarget contains color patches for the color spaces RGB, CMYK or Gray in the upper left corner and includes the gray axis, primaries and secondary colors. These color patches are mandatory for the calculation of the DeviceLink profile and included in the calculation.
Open one of the provided EditTargets (for CMYK, RGB or Grayscale) in an image editing program (like Adobe Photoshop) and perform all desired color corrections. Additionally, other images may be added to the chart to fully adapt it to your requirements. Corrections, filters, masks and effects must include the test patch in the upper left corner to create a DeviceLink from the EditTarget.
Edit Targets included with CoPrA
About Edit Targets
The motifs of a test image play a central role in the creation, control and optimization of DeviceLink profiles. They should cover all areas that are significant for the application of the DeviceLink profile. Each color space which is used in conversions requires its own relevant test image, i.e. the color spaces Gray, RGB, CMYK and possibly Lab. Test images for these color spaces are provided by CoPrA (shown below).
Compilation of Photographic Motifs
The chosen photographic motifs should cover various areas such as skin tones, neutral tones, shadows, highlights and saturated colors. It is advisable to use test images which are applied industry-wide, such as the Roman16 test images of the ECI or the BVDM or images of the ISO (if available). Some of these images are included in the EditTargets provided by CoPrA (for example CLEditCMYK_Large_v31_144dpi.tif). Additional images from your production enhance the significance of the test images.
Gradients are generally a critical factor in color conversions, both when using traditional ICC device profiles for source and target or when using DeviceLink profiles. The Homann Smoothness Inspection gradient test form is intended for the assessment of possible breaks or artifacts. It is included in the test file CLEditCMYK_Large_v31_144dpi.tif.
Pure CMY Colors
The test image should also have pure colors in various shades, particularly for CMYK-to-CMYK conversions. They should be positioned at the edge of the test image and should be large enough to allow direct comparison and measurement before and after conversion. This is important on proofs, for the use of colorimeters or the eyedropper tool in Photoshop.
How to create DeviceLink profiles with edited charts
To incorporate any desired color transformation into a DeviceLink profile, like global corrections or selective color corrections, this color transformation has initially to be integrated into the selected EditTarget using an image editing software (for example Adobe Photoshop).
Open the desired test chart (EditTarget) in your image editing software in the appropriate color space (the color space from which the color conversion will be performed). The provided EditTargets can be found in the EditTargets folder (in CoPrA in the menu Tools > Open EditTargets folder or in Windows: C:/Program Files(x86)/CoPrA5/EditTargets and in macOS: Applications/CoPrA5/EditTargets). When you have modified the EditTarget and saved it under a new name, open it in the tool Editing, either by drag and drop or by using the button Select Edited Testchart.
If a profile is embedded in the opened EditTarget, it will automatically be selected as target color space. The source profile has to be selected manually. If there is no embedded profile, the source and the target profile can be assigned manually. Assigning profiles is useful as color patches will then be displayed with true colors in CoPrA as well. A further advantage of edited DeviceLinks with assigned source and target profiles is that this profile information is stored in the PSID tag of the profile, so it can be used by intelligent workflow solutions like ColorLogic’s color server ZePrA to automatically create configurations.
Note: All profile drop-down menus function like search fields. Simply type in some letters of the desired profile and only those profiles containing these letters will be shown in the list. To select a profile simply click on it. Alternatively, you may open the drop-down menu with the little arrow on the right and select a profile from the full list as usual.
You can now assess the modifications for each color patch. Here, the original unedited EditTarget is used as a reference. The reference value of each color patch is located in the upper left half of the diagonally split color patch, the edited value is in the right lower half. If you move the mouse pointer over the chart, the color patches will be displayed along with other color information including a difference display in parentheses (color space and TAC value).
In contrast to the exceptions in conventional DeviceLink profiling, the exceptions under Purify Colors in the tool Editing ensure that any contamination caused by editing of the test chart will be removed but not recalculated. Among other things, these exception rules define how pure colors, colors, gray, duplex and triplex colors are structured in the DeviceLink. The selection of these rules considerably determines the quality of your DeviceLink profile.
All color patches that are affected by the selected exception will be highlighted in the graphical representation by a red border. If you move the mouse pointer over a color patch it is emphasized by a black or white border and the values of the source and target color space are displayed. By pressing the ‘Alt’ key on your keyboard the color patch will be captured allowing you to check quickly and easily whether and to what extent it is affected by an exception. Exceptions which are not available are grayed out. This may be the case when a dependency between exceptions exists, or when exceptions are not relevant for a specific color space.
100% Black: Protects 100% black, so 100% K remains 100% K and will not be supplemented with or replaced by CMY. Additional color portions will be deleted.
For a conversion of an RGB source profile into a CMYK target color space 100% Black ensures that an RGB value of 0, 0, 0 is converted to 100% black. For example, it prevents pure black RGB text from being composed of four colors in the CMYK profile after the conversion.
Gray: Protects the single color structure of black from 0 to 100%. Additional color portions will be deleted.
Duplex (a primary color plus black): Prevents color contaminations of duplex colors. If editing of the test chart caused contaminations of duplex colors by adding primary colors, these impurities will be removed.
Triplex (two primary colors plus black): Prevents color contaminations of triplex colors. If editing of the test chart caused contaminations of triplex colors by adding primary colors, these impurities will be removed.
100% C,M,Y: Protects cyan, magenta and yellow. The 100% values of C, M and Y are retained after the color conversion at 100%. Additional color portions will be deleted.
The slider Range specifies how far adjacent color patches are included.
100% R,G,B: Protects pure red, green and blue. The 100% key values of red, green and blue are retained after the color conversion at 100%.
The slider Range specifies how far adjacent color patches are included.
Primaries: Protects the single color structure of primary colors.
Secondaries: Protects the two color structure of secondaries.
Range: The slider Range allows to specify how far adjacent color patches will be included. All color patches that are affected by the selected exception are highlighted in the graphical representation by a red border showing the color areas which are affected immediately after moving the slider. Move the slider to a high value to avoid hard edges, move it to a low value to increase color accuracy.
Format, Size and Further Processing
Name: Type in a Name for the profile.
Templates: Allows to select and combine name components from a list of options and save them as custom templates. The last selected template is used when creating new profiles, so the naming of profiles is automated.
Available naming options depend on the current profile type and include Date, Date/Time, Measurement data file name, Source and Target profiles, Name of the current preset and others. Each name component can be added at a user-defined position under Template (the position is selected with the mouse pointer). The Example section below shows the resulting name. Additionally, user defined text can be added at any position within the Template field.
Format: Define the Format of your profile. An ICC format in accordance with specification v2 is recommended as basic setting however, the newer format ICC v4 can also be chosen. In this case, please ensure that your programs support this format correctly.
Note: ColorLogic products handle and use ICC v4 profiles consistently and correctly.
Size: The setting Large is recommended. The size specifies the number of grid points in the profile and determines the amount of disk space required for the generated profile. Small profiles should only be used for test purposes. Very Large profiles can slow down further processing in subsequent programs. Additionally, some programs are not able to handle very large profiles.
Create Profile Report (PDF): Recommended to activate. The PDF report provides an overview of the quality of the profile based on statistics, diagrams of gray balances, gradients and gamut representations as well as color separations of converted test files.
Save Preview Profile: Is only available in Multicolor printer profiling. By activating this checkbox an ICC preview profile will be created in addition to the printer profile. It can be used as soft proof profile in Adobe Photoshop.
Notes: Preview profiles are only suitable for proofing purposes. Either a preview profile or a CMYK profile can be created in one profiling step, but not both.
Embed profiles: Physically incorporates the used source and target profiles into the DeviceLink. This function is tricky and only recommended if the DeviceLink has to be transferred to a computer which does not have the required source and target profiles. It was implemented mainly for use with certain RIPs which only accept DeviceLinks with embedded source and target profiles.
Save: Creates the printer profile and saves it in the folder Profiles (macOS) or Color (Windows), (macOS: /Users/Username/Library/ColorSync/Profiles, Windows: C:\Windows\System32\spool\drivers\color). Demo and encrypted profiles will be saved in a different location only relevant for ColorLogic applications.
Note: CoPrA-SP profiles are stored in the ColorLogic subfolder Licensed-Profiles.
Introduction: Using Preview Profiles for Soft Proofs
Preview profiles allow soft proofing of image files in DeviceLink profiling and Multicolor printer profiling, without converting a file. Multicolor preview profiles provide a true color representation of images to be converted into the Multicolor color space in order to review the achievable result prior to the actual Multicolor conversion (More information can be found further down in the text). The same applies to DeviceLink conversions. Here, too, the DeviceLink preview profile can be used in Photoshop with the original data to visually review how the result of such a conversion would look like.
Preview profiles can be created together with DeviceLink or Multicolor printer profiles by activating the checkbox Save Preview Profile (see screenshots). Preview profiles have the suffix ‘preview‘ and are saved in the folder Profiles (macOS) or color (Windows), (macOS: /Users/Username/Library/ColorSync/Profiles, Windows: C:\Windows\System32\spool\drivers\color). Right clicking on the preview profile and selecting the menu entry Show file in the context menu will take you directly to the location of the selected profile.
A preview profile is a printer profile with the same color space as the source profile of the DeviceLink. It can be used as soft proof profile, for example in Adobe Photoshop. Preview profiles can be created for the following DeviceLink combinations:
RGB-to-CMYK, CMYK-to-CMYK, RGB-to-Multicolor and CMYK-to-Multicolor
Note: The creation of preview profiles is not available for DeviceLink profiles using more than four channels in the source color space since only preview profiles of the color spaces Gray, RGB or CMYK can be used in Photoshop. Multicolor printer profiles are not affected as their preview profiles are always RGB profiles which can be used in Photoshop.
Example: To adapt your RGB image data in RGB mode to the desired CMYK printing condition, use the preview profile of your RGB-to-CMYK DeviceLink as soft proof profile in Adobe Photoshop to check how the image would look like after the conversion. This allows specific RGB adjustments without the need to convert the RGB file early on. A preview profile is a very useful feature, particularly in view of storing RGB image data in media-neutral workflows.
Preview profiles can also be created for Multicolor printer profiles which allows a true color simulation of the color representation prior to application of the Multicolor profile. Although Adobe Photoshop CS4 or higher is able to convert image data using Multicolor profiles, the display of multichannel files is not a true color representation in Photoshop. So far, a true color representation of multichannel files is only possible using additional plug-ins and causes an increased workload. The preview profile function generates an RGB printer profile which features the same color visualization as the original Multicolor profile. Use this preview profile on an original image data for soft proofing.
Note: Preview profiles are only intended for soft proofs and should never be used for the actual conversion. A preview profile provides an excellent visual preview of the expected result of a DeviceLink conversion. However, the special features of the DeviceLink, such as preserving color purity, cannot be 100% emulated.
Using Preview Profiles for DeviceLinks in Adobe Photoshop
- Open the original image data to be converted using a DeviceLink profile in Adobe Photoshop.
- Either assign the Preview profile from CoPrA to this image file, or select the Preview profile in the dialog Customize Proof Condition as Device to Simulate (see screenshot).
Note: The color space of the preview profile is based on the color space of the DeviceLink’s source profile. It is an RGB preview profile for RGB-to-CMYK DeviceLinks and a CMYK preview profile for CMYK-to-CMYK DeviceLinks.
- Click Preserve CMYK Numbers to get a virtually exact preview of the expected color representation for the DeviceLink conversion.
Note: Pipette values do not correspond to the final DeviceLink conversion. Only the color representation in the soft proof does.
Using Multicolor Preview Profiles in Photoshop
- Open the original image data to be converted using a Multicolor printer profile in Adobe Photoshop (for example an RGB image).
- Select the Preview profile from CoPrA in the dialog Customize Proof Condition as Device to Simulate. Find the profile in the list of RGB profiles. The naming is based on the Multicolor profile name: Profile name_preview.icc
- Select the desired Rendering Intent and disable the checkbox Preserve RGB/CMYK Numbers.
Note: Eyedropper values do not correspond to the final DeviceLink conversion. This is only for a soft proof.
Profile reports can be created for Printer or DeviceLink profiles. To do so, activate the checkbox Create Profile Report in the last step of the profiling or, when updating profiles, the checkbox Create Profile Comparison Report.
Depending on the type of profile the report contains various statistical data, such as statistics about profile precision (Integrity, Precision, Black Point, White Point etc.), graphic representations of curves and gamuts (Gray Balance, Gradients etc.), conversions of test images, separations and color patches to evaluate the smoothness or the purity of colors. All this facilitates the detection of artifacts that may be present.
Under Preferences you can define some basic settings for the creation of the profile report, such as the file location, the report format (PDF or XML) or the DeltaE method (dE76 or dE2000).
Note: If a profile comparison report is created when updating a profile, the measurement data obtained from the update test chart will be compared to the data of the original profile (reference profile).
If the checkboxes Brightener Compensation or Measurement Correction have been activated, the data of the original profile will not be compared to the measurement data from the update test chart but to the data modified by these options.